EFFLUENT TREATMENT PLANT
Immense amount of commercial and industrial effluents create pollution in the environment. Hence, Matrix Eco Tecnologies Water Treatment Plants handle these effluents for making our environment healthy and safe. We at Matrix Eco Tecnologies offer innovative Effluent Treatment Plants for the removal of the pollution effluents with economical operation and quality discharge to meet the norms of the stringent pollution control.
Mainly, it depends upon the type of effluent when different processes are developed for the cost effective treatment. After complete research and trial run by our pilot plants, technological solutions are made available.
Our Effluent Treatment Plants are capable of catering diversified areas like Electroplating and Picking Industries, Automobile Industries, Textile Industry, Export Houses and many more. We hire expert professionals for dealing in the following Effluent Treatment Technologies:
Physio – Chemical Treatment
Aerobic Treatment Plants
Activated Sludge Treatment
Extended Aeration system
Diffused Aeration System
Effluent Treatment Plant Technologies
1. Physio–Chemical Treatment
Normally, the Effluent Treatment Plants are compact and tailor-made designs which require a lesser footprint. These are portable and completely energy efficient in all aspects. Physico-chemical treatment in wastewater especially focuses on separating the colloidal particles. The Physio–Chemical Treatment is achieved through chemicals called as coagulants and flocculants. It involves a change in the physical state of colloids and extensively allows remaining indefinitely stable form.
Stages Of The Physico-Chemical Process:
Physio – Chemical Treatment comprises of various stages such as the coagulation, sedimentation stages and flocculation stages. These are enabled with more numbers of configurations across the various stages. It also comes in similar units forming others.
Neutralisation is most important in processing the Waste flows. These originated from cleaning activities that include pickling, passivating, surface treatment and many more. These are also loaded with heavy metals as well as other limited concentrations of organic components. This Neutralised acids or bases can be loaded on heavy metals, so they are treated alongside various attributes.
Immobilisation is an amazing technique for separating the heavy metals, salts and anions in wastewater. There is no limitation on shipment or quantity formats for the treatments.
Oxidation is the most important part of cleaning cyanide-containing waste. Oxidation of nitrite also involves limited concentrations to the extent.
The Physio–Chemical Treatment guarantees the reduction of hexavalent chrome. These are suitable options for adding active carbons and removing the organic components. It would be effectively separated from waste, and cleaning would be easier.
2. Biological Treatment
In general, the biological treatment is one of the most unique effluent treatment plant technologies. The biological treatment process in the wetland system depends on providing a group of microorganisms with sufficient nutrients and air to get the same reaction in the natural self-purification processes at the maximum benefit to the cost ratio.
The major changes during the self-purification include oxidation of hydrogen, carbon, phosphorus and nitrogen; nitrification and coagulation of colloidal solids that pass via the primary sedimentation stage.
The biological treatment process in the system mainly includes constructed wetland systems, waste stabilization ponds, activated sludge systems and percolating / trickling filter systems. The aerobic stabilization pond is a shallow and large excavation in the ground where the waste treatment occurs through the natural process involving algae and bacteria.
Oxygen can be supplied by algal photosynthesis and natural surface re-aeration in aerobic ponds. Higher animals like protozoa and rotifers are also present in the pond. Its main function is to predate everything on the bacteria and, to a lesser extent, on algae. It can help control the SS – Suspended Solids concentration in the effluent.
Ponds in waste stabilization can be brought about by the combination of anaerobic, aerobic and facultative bacteria are said to be the facultative stabilization ponds. The zones in those ponds include the surface zone, anaerobic bottom zone and intermediate zone. This treatment can also retard biological activity, control odours or effectively destroy pathogenic organisms.
3. Aerobic Treatment Plants:
Quick Contaminant Removal With Aerobic Treatment Systems From Wastewater
Aerobic treatment involves the biological wastewater treatment process with oxygen. The process of converting the organics in the wastewater into carbon dioxide is more efficient with Aerobic biomass. Aerobic Treatment Plants comprise of the stand-alone process for treating raw wastewater. These are also suitable options for polishing the anaerobically pretreated wastewater. It would be a suitable option for removing the total suspended solids (TSS) as well as biochemical oxygen demand (BOD).
Advanced Aerobic Wastewater Treatment:
Aerobic treatment of wastewater is an amazing biological process which uses oxygen for breaking down organic contaminants as well as other pollutants such as phosphorous and nitrogen. Aerobic technologies are especially used as the biological nutrient removal system (BNR).
These will be suitable options for removing the phosphorus and nitrogen content in the wastewater. During this process, the Oxygen will be mixed continuously into the wastewater using the mechanical aeration device.
Machines like a compressor or air blowers are used in the process. Aerobic microorganisms would feed on organic matter in the wastewater. Thus, it will be automatically converted into carbon dioxide as well as biomass. There are many types of aerobic wastewater treatment systems available such as the
- Moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR)
- Conventional activated sludge
- Membrane bioreactor (MBR)
What Is Aerobic Wastewater Treatment Used For?
Aerobic treatment has been widely used for polishing industrial wastewater pre-treated in the anaerobic processes. It ensures wastewater is fully degraded as well as safely discharged. These Aerobic treatments will be based on strict environmental regulations. They are suitable for a wider range of industries, such as
- Municipal wastewater
- Food & beverage industry
- Chemical industry
4. Activated Sludge Treatment
The activated sludge treatment is the traditional method that suspends organic matter and separates solid wastes, soluble matter and parasites. The biological system uses the living bacterial flocs to degrade the organic matter of industrial waste and sewage in the aerated bioreactors.
The activated sludge treatment mainly involves a series of stages that first separate the primary or raw sludge. After that, it will separate the waste-activated sludge, and it finally involves clarifying and disinfection of the effluent. Hence it contributes a major role in water pollution control by eradicating undesired chemicals, particulate parasites and matter from industrial waste and sewage.
The process can be effectively followed by the primary, secondary & tertiary treatment methods. Here the primary treatment is the physical method that involves separating large solid matter such as sand, leaves, gravel particles and much more.
The secondary treatment is the biological method that separates the suspended and the soluble organic matter by using bacterial flocs. Then the tertiary treatment is the chemical method which is the final stage of disinfecting the secondary effluent using chlorine gas.
Variables used in the Activated Sludge Treatment:
While knowing about the activated sludge treatment, you must know about the below-mentioned terms.
- Water pollutants
- Water pollution
- Retention time
- Activated sludge
- Mixing regime
The activated sludge treatment’s retention time is between 5 to 14 hours. This method of treatment helps in increasing the eradication of coarse particles.
5. Extended Aeration System:
Organic Wastewater Treatment With An Amazing Extended Aeration System
Using the advanced Extended Aeration treatment system gives you a better option for providing ideal conditions for micro-organisms such as aerobic bacteria. These are effective options for decomposing biological contaminants, so they are used in raw sewage.
An extended Aeration system provides you complete environment and a sufficient range of oxygen as well as many other elements. These allow bacteria to consume along with other organic matter. These would grow and live within the treatment plant. The extended Aeration system is set to ensure the aerobic bacteria and microbes decompose waste and sewage. It is a suitable option for creating stable and odour-free attributes.
Why Choose The Extended Aeration System?
Normally, the Extended Aeration (EA) system involves biological systems suitable for treating domestic wastewater. It is a quite simple and efficient process for converting wastewater.
Treatment plant provides sufficient oxygen, a proper environment as well as many other elements. These would be extensively allowing the bacteria to consume organic matter as well as live within the space.
- Systems are odour free
- Better at handling organic loading
- Easily to maintain mechanical work
- Full access to the flow fluctuations
- Greater detention time
- Relatively low sludge yield
- Designed to provide nitrogen
The Extended Aeration system involves the aeration chamber in which more than 90% of treatment occurs. Extended Aeration treatment involves operating them under a certain temperature. Waste in domestic wastewater is organic, and this involves aerobic microorganisms’ presence of oxygen. It also especially uses organic materials for food as resources.
6. Diffused Aeration System
The diffused aeration system enhances the water quality from the bottom up. The typical system uses weighted air lines, submerged diffuser assemblies and shore-mounted compressors. Such diffusers rest at one or more locations on the bottom of the lake, tank or pond.
The compressors can pump air via the airlines into submerged diffusers where it releases upward in many small bubbles. When the bubbles rise, they carry water to the surface, creating a beneficial mixing action. It includes oxygen transfer & vents harmful & foul-smelling gases sitting on the bottom.
Where can you install the diffused aeration system?
The water body experiencing chemical or thermal stratification or layering is the best candidate for diffused aeration. When the aeration moves & mixes water, then it will break up those layers that contain different or colder nutrients.
Finally, the temperature stabilizes, and the nutrient level becomes consistent from top to bottom. It helps prevent algae overgrowth and week along with that, enhances the aquatic environment for other organisms and fish.
The diffused aeration in water is recommended for around 8 ft. and deeper. It is mainly because it provides the bubble time to move most water toward such surface and then induce oxygen transfer. Such a system doesn’t need any electricity in the water.
- Enhances the environment for aquatic life
- It breaks up chemical stratification and temperature
- Reduce muck on the bottom
- Ties up nutrients that are causing unwanted growth in plants
- It gives oxygen in the winter season
- Allows for the larger fish around the water body